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tv   1939 Documentary The City  CSPAN  October 19, 2014 9:30am-10:06am EDT

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will award 150 prizes totalling $150,000. to seven minute documentary on the topic, the three branches and you. to include c-span programming, show varying points f view, and must be submitted by january 20, 2015. go to student cam.org for more a camera.n, grab get started today. week, american history's v's "reel america" helps to bring archival films to tell the story of the 20th cent rip. up next, "the city" by the institute of planners for the ew york's world's fair predicting the postworld war ii growth of suburbs, the film used cities are unhealthy and planned communities for clean air and safe areas for children a better option. 56% of city was mader, the population lived in the urban areas.
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80% as of to 2 20 10 census.
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>> we raid the town hall next so we can have our say about the taxes or whether we need another teacher for the school. when the town meeting comes our rights and duties and no harm if we disagree. in all that matters, we neighbors hold together. if you from sun to dark, can call just work a job that makes a body female at peace doing it or look at it as done.ure when it's it's not something we show case. it's at inn the blankets that home.spun and woven at n the patchwork quilt sold at the quilting bee, it's in the locks and hinges that the black mith shapes, it's in the baskets to fit our house hold needs from marketing to mending. water wheels are better fitted to do the work than human we rig up the machines or
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for cake. that corn was on the stalk, the pumpkins, ripe and yellow. ne night the neighbors met to shell the ears together, they did the job in no time so they clear the old barn floor and choose partners for dances. harmony in the soil and what we built or planted there. master whatands and we play our hands on. working and living we found balance. the town was us and we were part of it. we never let our cities grow too us to manage. we never pushed the open land too far away. field, it in, the hay the teachers. good years of d family life. our own, our children.
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windless autumn days, and peace, the seed was ready for the earth again, ready die, ready once more to grow. >> power like the past, forget he quiet cities, bring in the steam and steel, the giants.
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pillars of fire by night, day, pillarsmoke by of progress. machine and machine. and sinks and calico, thousands, ens, millions, millions, faster and faster, better and better. >> don't make us any happier to like us e's millions living here on top of it. where guy sent
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can get our children. smoke makes prosperity they tell you here. makes prosperity no matter if you choke on it. we've got to face life in these alleys.and we've got to let our children take their chances here with typhoid, t.b., or worse. draw a blank for kids, they have no business here, this slag heap wasn't meant for them. poison in the air we breathe, river.in the the smoke rises right up to choke us. don't tell thaws this is the
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in building do cities. place here?is and how do we get out again? we're asking, just asking. we might as well stay in the mills and call that home. they're just as fit to live in. we mine the coal, load the furnace, roll the steel, drive the rivets. we lock the bolt on the assembly lucky if we have the chance to get the job from day-to-day, from month-to-month.
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>> the work alone don't get us down. to handle coaled and iron, all the way from mine we drive skyscrapers, our tractors and cars mighty proud of, the same as you. but how does that make sense with this? we never get the gritty feel out nose, eyes, lung, guts. we never get to see how blue the unless the mills are all shut down. smoke makes prosperity, they say? oes this mean there's no way out for us? there must be something better. why can't we have it? a decent home.
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follow the crowd. get the big must be. raise a pile. we reached $1 million, $2 million, $5 million. watch us grow. it's automatic. it delivers in one operation without human hand. what am i bid? what am i offered? sold, who's next? the people, yes. the crowd to the empire city, the passion city, the people, yes. the people -- perhaps.
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sincerely, we beg to respectfully.ost dear sir -- [ voices talking over each other ]
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dr. nichols on call. dr. nichols. the ward.s to get dr. nichols on call. street case. compound fracture -- >> compound fractured tibia. >> above the knee.
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>> there we go. come again? >> two -- > arrive -- >> whipped. >> fast turn. one hop.
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>> interim hemorrhage. ruptured spleen. surgery. >> yes, doctor.
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>> takes flight at last. better kindbrings a of city. molded to our human wants as are shaped for speed. ew cities ringing with trees and fields and gardens. new cities not allowed to grow size ercrowd beyond the that makes them fit for living
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in. the new city is organized to possible between machi machines, man, and nature. each has its place. safe streets and quiet neighborhoods are not just they're f good luck, built into the pant earn and built to stay there. rapid streams across the region housesows from the power and sun lit factories and laboratories. ere they work together making the machines more automatic. them more govern human. lose to rail and motor roads with space to spread about in, light industries are near at hand. people can walk to work and have the lunch at home sometimes just like the kids. suburb where the people play at living in the country. spells d of city cooperation, wherever doing things together means cheapness living.iency or better
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each group is grouped to other houses with the public meeting movies, and the markets. around the communities a belt of public land preserve the shape forever. the children need the earth for playing and growing, bringing the country. bringing the parks and gardens back to the city. too letting cities grow big to manage. never pushing the meadows, too far away.ods it works as well at mott earn it did in new england towns.
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>> we live a decent kind of life. we fathers have a little time to our kids plained with them. they see us in the daytime. laid out this place didn't forget that air and sun are what we need for flowers orether it's babies. just watch us grow. scales won't hold us. can't tell where the playing ends and where the work begins. we mix them. by living, playgrounds, schools, libraries, meant for
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everyone. even the washing needn't break a woman's back. the machines can take it. a wife shouldn't feel cooped up or lonely. a friendly hand and gossip is good for the complexion. fun.daily market is market is just an annex to the kitchen. the nce to chat about measles or the weather or a wrinkle in the diet that grandma never knew. greens brought in by truck from nearby farms each crisp and fresh and haven't lost their flavor or youth. in this new scheme of things, center ol becomes the and phone cus of activities. here boys and girls live and the life around them, getting the measure of our bigger world and shaping it anew. and school and land in provide the rship raw materials for life and growth. here boys and girls achieve a ready to ersonality,
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build and meet a world facing choosing the ad, best. ♪
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you take your choice. each one is real, each one is possible. deeper in old grooves, playing for life with human misery. or have can we afford a house, neighborhood, a city as good as this for everyone? maybe the question is, can we afford all this disorder? must the tools, jails, reformatory's, wasted years of childhood. these are lawmakers, mothers, fathers. .ou take your choice each one is real. one is possible. order has come here to order and life together. we have got the skill, we have found a way. we built the cities to do all we know about machines and soils and rock materials, the human raise -- ways of living, is wasted. we can do it better a thousand times. it is here, a new city, ready to
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serve a better age. you and your children -- the choice is yours.
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tour takesan cities the tv and american history tv on the road, traveling to u.s. cities to learn about their history and literary life. this begin, we visited green bay, wisconsin. known as american dairyland, because we make the moist cheese but also the best cheese. the industry developed in wisconsin from what was homestead cheese or each farm it wasmade cheese, recognized that we had an ideal environment for raising dairy cattle. and cheese was really just a way to take a perishable product which would only last about three days, and if you make cheese into it -- a cheddar cheese can last for a decade. this was late 1880's when the
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industry got started in wisconsin. generally, farmers in the neighborhood would form a cooperative. they would build a cheese factory and hire a cheese maker who would work for the cooperative on shares. there were thousands of cheesemakers. in 1930, over 2000 cheese plants in wisconsin had the transportation and road system approved, console edition among smaller plans. that continued and then there were only about 200 cheese factories in wisconsin. >> and 2008, i published a book on torture, "torture and the war on terror." when i wrote the book, i realized some of the techniques we were using for the war on terror appear in our prison system. i noticed all these odd connections between overseas policies and domestic policies.
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so i started looking at what was happening in the prison system. that then led me to start teaching the prison system. and i started looking into another book on solitary confinement. psychologists have studied what happens to a person. the develop these very distinctive -- one psychologist .alls it the shoe syndrome they get horrible paranoia, a real aggressiveness, a sense that yourself is disintegrating. i heard about people and the kind of bodily harm they do to themselves in solitary confinement. self-mutilation, the feces they put on the door -- this kind of deterioration of your whole sense of self, no more respect of the self and damaging of the body.
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i do not have strong empirical this necessarily makes people better. i have anecdotal evidence from people that i talk to. but i see it as more of a spiritual thing for these inmates. it is very difficult to measure the spiritual effects of feeling valued. >> watch all of our events from green bay today at 2:00 p.m. eastern on american history tv on c-span3. >> and next on american history tv, author discusses the fall of the confederate navy and 18 six to four. at the start of that year, the confederates were at the peak of their seapower. however, he explains that the loss of two important ships in the union victory, the battle of the- mobile bay, tripled rebel queen. this was part of a symposium hosted by the emerging civil war blog. >> our next speaker this morni

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